# Universal Quantum of Action: Standard Without Universality

Authors

Plank’s constant $h$ is in physics text books being presented as a universal quantum of action as a smallest “packet of action” as a fundamental constant of fundamental significance in the “quantized” world we happen to be part of, in fact is nothing but a conversion standard from two measures of energy, in terms of frequency $\nu$ in periods per second and electronvolt determined by Einstein’s law of photoelectricity. Continue reading