# Abstract

Schrödinger as the inventor of the foundation of quantum mechanics in the form of the Schrödinger wave equation never accepted the statistical particle Copenhagen interpretation of his invention.

**I don’t like it (quantum mechanics) and I’m sorry I ever had anything to do with it.**(Schrödinger)

**The verbal interpretation, on the other hand, i.e. the metaphysics of quantum physics, is on far less solid ground. In fact, in more than forty years physicists have not been able to provide a clear metaphysical model**. (Schrödinger)

**The soothing philosophy – or religion? – of Heisenberg-Bohr is so clevely concocted that for the present it offers the believers a soft resting pillow from which they are not easliy chased away. Let us therefore let them rest. (Einstein)**

## The Schrödinger Equation

**balance of kinetic and potential energies**of a set of

**interacting**

**negatively charged electrons**and

**positively charged kernels**in the form of a

**partial differential equation**. The potential energy has contribution from

**attractive**and

**repulsive forces**. A solution of Schrödinger’s equation is called a wavefunction . Schrödinger solved the equation for the one-electron problem of the Hydrogen atom.

**3N**space dimensions plus time, where

**N**is the

**N > 100 – 1000**the wavefunction is not a legitimate scientific concept. In other words,

**it does not exist!**Schrödinger writes in the 4th article:

**The wavefunction itself cannot be given a direct interpretation in three-dimensional space, as in the one-electron problem, because it is a function in configuration space, not in real space.**

**The wave equation apparently exists as a string of symbols on piece of paper or computer screen,**

**but a wavefunction as a well defined mathematical object satisfying the equation, does not seem to exist.**

**saying**“golden mountain” and a physical mountain made out of gold. Just by pronouncing the properties of something, it does not magically bring what you describe into physical existence, unless you are magician.

## The Copenhagen Interpretation

**3N**-dimensional

**“configuration space”**, heated debates started with Bohr , Heisenberg and Born on how to interprete the wavefunction in physical terms. Born came up with a

**probabilistic interpretation**

**the square of the modulus of the multi-dimensional wavefunction is a probability distribution of the configurations of N interacting particles.**

**“particles”**since his equation was a wave equation and not a particle

**The discussion between Bohr and Schrödinger began at the railway station in Copenhagen and was crried on every day from early morning to late night….It will scarcely be possible to reproduce how passionate the discussion was carried from both sides….After some days Erwin became ill with a feverish cold. Bohr sat on the bed and continued the argument: “But surely Schrödinger, you must see”. But Erwin did not see, and indeed never did see, why it was necessary to destroy the space-time description of atomic processes.**

## The final shoot-out took place at the famous 5th Solvay Conference in 1927:

## Many-Minds wavefunction of the 5th Solvay Conference in 1927 not agreeing on anything.

Schrödinger tried to meet the attacks by his famous thought experiment about Schrödinger’s cat but it did not

A poll taken at the 1997 UMBC quantum mechanics workshop gave the once all-dominant Copenhagen interpretation less than half of the votes according (Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics: Many Worlds or Many Words?). But what interpretation(s) do then most physicists favor, today?

## Many-Minds Interpretation

**What approximate solutions to the Schrödinger equation do exist, what are their properties and how can they be computed and studied?**

**system of N wave equations**, one for each particle with an averaged or blurred presence of the other particles. This natural idea was suggested already in 1920s by Hartree but